Footnote Style

What follows are examples covering the most common forms used. It is not meant to be exhaustive. If you are uncertain about proper footnote form or do not find an appropriate form below, be sure first to consult The SBL Handbook of Style (Peabody, Mass.: Hendricksen, 1999, call #PN 147.S26 1999), supplemented by The Chicago Manual of Style: Fifteenth Edition (2003) and Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers: Seventh Edition (2007).

One Author (book, magazine, and journal)

     Richard B. Hays, Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989), 3-29.

     D. G. Hart, “Is High-Church Presbyterianism an Oxymoron?,” Touchstone 13, no. 10 (December 2000): 20-29. 

     Claudia Setzer, “Excellent Women: Female Witnesses to the Resurrection,” JBL 116 (1997): 259-72, esp. 266 n. 17. *

* For magazines and journals, it is necessary to include the issue number with the volume number in a citation only if the pagination is not consecutive from one issue to another (i.e., if the page numbering for each issue begins anew). Compare the Hart and Setzer references above.


Editor or Compiler as “Author”

     Harvie M. Conn, ed., Inerrancy and Hermeneutic: A Tradition, a Challenge, a Debate (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1988), 15-34.

     Robert A. Kraft and George W. E. Nickelsburg, eds., Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986), x.

     Kraft and Nickelsburg, Early Judaism, xii. *

* Note the example of “short title” citation in a footnote.


Editor, Translator, or Compiler with an Author

     John Stuart Mill, Autobiography and Literary Essays (ed. John M. Robinson and Jack Stillinger; Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980), 15.

     Wilhelm Egger, How to Read the New Testament: An Introduction to Linguistic and Historical-Critical Methodology (trans. P. Heinegg; Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1996), 28.


An Article in an Edited Volume

     Harold W. Attridge, “Jewish Historiography,” in Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters (ed. R. A. Kraft and G. W. E. Nickelsburg; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986), 311-43.

     Attridge, “Jewish Historiography,” 312.


Author of Foreword or Introduction Not Written by the Author

     Mark Harris, introduction to With the Procession, by Henry Fuller (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965), iv-xii.

     Harris, “Introduction,” ix.


Edition: Subsequent Editions

     James B. Pritchard, ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (3d ed.; Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969), xxi.

     Joseph Blekinsopp, A History of Prophecy in Israel (rev. and enl. ed.; Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 1996), 81.

     Halsey Stevens, The Life and Music of Bela Bartok (rev. ed.; New York: Oxford University Press, 1964), 128-29.

     Josephus, Ant. 2.233-235.

     Josephus, Ant. 2.233-235 (Thackeray, LCL). *

* If the translation is being quoted, it is appropriate to cite the translator. Further see SBL Handbook, §7.3.2; p. 57.


Reprint Editions (in public domain and recent)

     Albert Schweitzer, J. S. Bach (trans. Ernest Newman; 1911; repr., New York: Dover Publications, 1966), 134-56.

     John Van Seters, In Search of History: Historiography in the Ancient World and the Origins of Biblical History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983; repr., Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1997), 35.


Multivolume Works: Citing the Work as a Whole (with author or editor)

     Muriel St. Clare Byrne, ed., The Lisle Letters (6 vols.; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981).


Multivolume Works: Citing a Particular Work

     Richard A. Muller, Prolegomena to Theology (vol. 1 of Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics: The Rise and Development of Reformed Orthodoxy, ca. 1520 to ca. 1725; 4 vols.; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003), 23-27.

     Muller, Prolegomena, 55.


A Chapter within a Titled Volume in a Multivolume Edited Work

     Richard Bauckham, “The Acts of Paul As a Sequel to Acts,” in The Book of Acts in Its Ancient Literary Setting (ed. Bruce W. Winter and Andrew D. Clarke; vol. 1 of The Book of Acts in Its First Century Setting, ed. Bruce W. Winter; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993), 105-52.

     Thomas E. Peck, “General Principles Touching the Worship of God,” in Miscellanies of Rev. Thomas E. Peck (ed. T. C. Johnson; Richmond, Va.: The Presbyterian Committee of Publication, 1895), 1:78-89.



     Richard B. Hays, The Faith of Jesus Christ: An Investigation of the Narrative Substructure of Galatians 3:1–4:11 (SBLDS 56; Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1983), 209.

     Christopher D. Stanley, “The Social Environment of ‘Free’ Biblical Quotations in the New Testament,” in Early Christian Interpretation of the Scriptures of Israel: Investigations and Proposals (ed. C. A. Evans and J. A. Sanders; JSNTSup 148; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997), 18-27.


An Unpublished Dissertation or Thesis

     Lee E. Klosinski, “Meals in Mark” (Ph.D. diss., The Claremont Graduate School, 1988), 22-44.


An Internet Publication with a Print Counterpart *

*Further see The Chicago Manual of Style: Fifteenth Edition (2003), 696-98 (§17.181).

     James M. Hamilton Jr., “The Messianic Music of the Song of Songs: A Non-Allegorical Interpretation,” WTJ 68 (2006): 338, (accessed 10 November 2008).

     Hamilton, “Messianic Music,” 340.


An Internet Publication without a Print Counterpart

     N. T. Wright, “An Interview with N. T. Wright (Part 1 of 6),” interviewed by Jason Fout, (accessed 21 August 2005).

     Wright, “Interview.”


A Publication Found in an Online Database*

*Further see Turabian, 185, 193-94. Provide the name of the database and a shortened version of the URL that is for the main page only. Do not include the entire URL, as these are often very long and unusable by others.

     Joseph H. Hellerman, “Purity and Nationalism in the Second Temple Literature: 1–2 Maccabees and Jubilees,” JETS 46 (2003), in First Search, (accessed 21 September 2007).


(rev. date 8/10)