Citation and Formatting Guide

Citation allows you to give proper credit to other writers for their ideas. Whether you paraphrase another passage or directly quote an author’s exact words, you must always indicate your dependence on an outside source by using proper citation.

This guide outlines how to use citation systems in Westminster courses. Most courses require Turabian’s (2013) notes-bibliography style, but the SBL style is preferred in biblical studies classes. All courses require the use of SBL abbreviations for biblical books, ancient texts, and major reference works. This guide demonstrates how both systems are applied to cite the types of sources Westminster students commonly need.

For information about formatting for Th.M, Ph.D., and D.Min. theses, see the Format Guidelines for WTS Theses, Dissertations, and Projects.

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